March 23, 2015 § Leave a comment
We’ve had a fantastic February travelling the country aboard our Wild about Scotland bus and spreading the word about Scotland’s amazing wildlife. We visited schools in Edinburgh, Dundee, Angus, Perth and Kinross, Glasgow and South Lanarkshire.
We’ve also visited some iconic landmarks- from Captain Scott’s Antarctic ship RRS Discovery to the Forth Rail Bridge and even a day at Scottish Parliament at Holyrood.
At the beginning of the month we opened up the bus for a day at our local aquarium Deep Sea World in North Queensferry. It was a great opportunity to share ideas and resources with their education team and to welcome on board tourists from around the world.
As part of Scottish Environment Week we were invited to spend a day at Holyrood. We had a prime spot on the pavement metres away from the front door of Scottish Parliament. As well as being open to members of the public we were visited by 12 MSPs, many of whom were ‘Species Champions’ for various Scottish plants and animals. It was great to see their interest in the project and discuss their hopes for Scottish Biodiversity. Another highlight was meeting the Northern Ireland Assembly Environment Committee who were over to get inspiration for their own environment week. Thanks to Scot Link for setting this up and to everyone who we saw this month!
From the driver’s seat
February was a good month to try out my newly learned photography skills as we visited some of Scotland’s finest attractions: Deep Sea World beneath the Forth Rail Bridge, RRS Discovery in Dundee and the Scottish Parliament at Holyrood. To get a good angle of our bus with some of these landmarks I had to drive the bus up onto the pavement (with permission of course!). With rain and dirty roads it has been a challenge keeping the bus looking spic and span- I like to have it freshly washed before our high-profile events and we often have photographers from the local press. Many thanks to the lads at Lothian Bus depot in Longstone who did a cracking job washing the bus before our day at Parliament.
#Brodie knows best
Q. What is the difference between a Scottish wildcat and a domestic cat?
A. Wildcats are a generally bigger cat, usually having longer legs and larger heads. The classic way to tell the two apart is by their tails. Although domestic cats and wild cats may sometimes share colours and patterns, the wildcat tail is much bushier with a black, rounded tip. There are thought to be only 400 wildcats left in Scotland and most of these are likely to be a hybrid (mixture) between domestic cats and wildcats. The Royal Zoological Society of Scotland is carrying out genetic testing of the current populations as well as breeding a captive population in Highland Wildlife Park, near Aviemore.
Submit your questions for next month on Twitter @WildaboutScot using #Brodieknowsbest
Top teacher comments and tweets
“Thank you so much for a fantastic session on the bus. Very informative and the children loved it! The class were completely captivated and engaged” Dens Road Primary School
“Very interesting and engaging session for children of all abilities” Paradykes Primary School
“This was a really enjoyable activity for our children- I’m amazed at how much they’ve remembered!” Errol Primary School
“The Education Officers were very informative, engaged the pupils and kept them interested” Mossneuk Primary School
Next month – March
Next month we continue our tour visiting schools in Perth and Kinross, Renfrewshire, N. Ayrshire, N. Lanarkshire, Falkirk and the Borders. We’re also stopping in at the Scottish Wildlife Trust reserve Loch of the Lowes on the 5th March.
For more information about the Wild about Scotland project and to see when the bus is next in your area, visit our website at www.rzss.org.uk/wildaboutscotland, follow us on twitter @WildaboutScot, or like our Facebook page.
March 6, 2015 § Leave a comment
We are just into the first week of March, but spring doesn’t look like it’s due to arrive quite yet as we’ve had a bit of snow and some cold weather this week. The Highland Wildlife Park was closed on Monday for this very reason, but the polar bears had a lovely time frolicking and playing in the snow. One of the visitors to the park managed to get some wonderful footage of Walker and Arktos which can be viewed here
We are pleased to hear that China’s fourth National Giant Panda Survey, which was funded in part by RZSS’ annual panda payments, is showing positive results that indicate panda populations in the wild have increased by 16.8% over the past decade. The total area surveyed and methodology is different to previous times, however there is now an estimated minimum number of 1,864 wild pandas, which is an increase from the estimated 1,596 animals surveyed previously, and there has been an overall 11.8% increase in their geographic range since 2003. However, there is still much work which needs to be done and pandas are far from being safe from the threat of extinction. Economic development is considered to be the biggest threat to pandas and their habitat, as a result the Chinese President, Xi Jinping, has emphasised the importance of natural habitat restoration, not only for the pandas, but for a whole range of other species as well.
Meanwhile, the gentoo penguin breeding season has commenced at Edinburgh Zoo with the annual placement of the nesting rings and pebbles in Penguin Rock. The male penguins will choose the best looking pebbles to attract the attentions of their potential mates. The penguins often choose the same partners every year, but some do choose to go their separate ways. The penguin cam will be switching over to the nest site this week to allow people to keep an eye on the nesting. We are all hoping for a successful breeding season and are looking forward to welcoming the new chicks in early summer – around May time.
This week saw the launch of RZSS’s new innovative teaching and learning programme ‘Beyond the Panda.’ The programme has been developed over the past 18 months in conjunction with the Confucius Institute for Scotland’s Schools and has been supported by the Scotland China Education network (SCEN). The programme which has been generously funded by Jaguar Land Rover (China) includes outreach workshops, an online learning resource and a free education pack which was sent out to all primary and secondary schools in Scotland this week. The launch of the education programme involved a conference which was attended by Consul General Pan Xinchun and Dr Alasdair Allan MSP, Minister for Learning, Science and Scotland’s languages as well as key figures from the Confucius Institute for Scotland’s Schools, the Scottish Educational Leadership Management and Administration Society and the Languages Team Curriculum Unit for Learning Directorate and Natasha Black, Curriculum Unit Administrator.
Eight schools from across Scotland spent the day at the Zoo to mark the occasion and had a fantastic time giving talks, taking part in fun, educational workshops and visiting the pandas. The Beyond the Panda education packs are an introduction to RZSS’ brand new, curriculum linked on-line learning resource that is designed to help schools and their pupils investigate, study and explore global citizenship, sustainability, biodiversity and conservation within the overall context of giant pandas and China.
In the Highlands, it looks as if the oystercatchers who visit us every year are beginning to make their annual return the Highland Wildlife Park as the first two oystercatchers have been spotted out in the arable.
Our head of conservation, Rob Ogden has been in Rome this week attending an annual meeting of AQUATACE, a European fisheries project that is looking to develop methods for tracking fish farms escapees and reducing their impact on natural fish populations in the wild. Our conservation projects manager Roisin Campbell-Palmer and our veterinary surgeons Simon Girling and Romain Pizzi , are undertaking a health screening of beavers in the River Otters, Devon, on behalf of DEFRA, to determine the suitability for re-release as part of a scientific trial reintroduction in England. This trio have also recently had study on, ‘Echinococcus multilocularis detection in live Eurasian beavers (Castor fiber) using a combination of laparoscopy and abdominal ultrasound under field conditions’ accepted for publication in PLOS ONE.
And finally, preparations for our famous Edinburgh Zoo Nights are well underway and we have already sold a large number of tickets for the events. Following the enormous success of last year, I am looking forward to what this year’s event will bring.
February 20, 2015 § Leave a comment
Well Happy Chinese New Year. The year of the goat has begun and, as we enter spring, the days are getting gradually warmer and longer. Spring and summer always prove to be eventful seasons for everybody at RZSS, with the main breeding season for many animals in full swing and a jam-packed set of summer school classes just around the corner.
Velma the Velociraptor has been out and about this week ahead of Dinosaurs Return! which will start in April. She has been meeting the public and has proved to be a big hit so far at Edinburgh Zoo and Dynamic Earth. She will continue to meet and greet visitors at various venues across Edinburgh and Glasgow until the launch.
On Monday we receive our actual animatronic dinosaurs, all the way from America. Shipped across the North Atlantic Ocean, they are as realistic as possible and are based on actual DNA research of fossilised dinosaur skin and bones. It will be all hands to the top of the hill as these giants are unloaded and assembled on site. We are inviting press along, so there should be some really memorable photographs taken recording the occasion.
The Wild about Scotland bus, our educational outreach programme in association with Clydesdale Bank, visited Edinburgh Zoo this week, with lots of children taking the opportunity to hop on board and learn about Scotland’s native species. Then yesterday (Thursday 19 February) the mobile classroom pulled up at the Scottish Parliament to engage with MSPs as part of the 10th anniversary of Scottish Environment Week. MSPs including Mike MacKenzie, Bill Kidd, Christine Grahame and Liam McArthur – to name just some – ‘got on board’ the interactive classroom. During the visit to Parliament, MSPs were asked to vote and tweet their hopes for the future of Scottish biodiversity.
If you are interested in the bus coming to your school, please go to our website to request a visit http://www.rzss.org.uk/wildaboutscotland . You can also follow all the action from the bus, including the activity at Scottish Parliament yesterday, via our dedicated Twitter feed https://twitter.com/WildaboutScot
Meanwhile, our Scottish wildcat conservation work is ongoing. This week our team meet with the Scottish Gamekeepers Association and estate managers in Ardnamurchan, to discuss of the plight of the Scottish wildcat. We are working with land managers to allow us to better monitor the wildcat population and ensure that any predator control being used is wildcat friendly. This crucial work will help to provide the Scottish wildcat with safer areas to roam and contribute to the future survival of this species.
All of the above is sadly very relevant in a week when the world’s largest earwig has been declared extinct. The St Helena Giant Earwig (Labidura herculeana) grew up to a maximum of eight centimetres long, with the last confirmed adult being spotted as far back as 1967. The International Union for the Conservation of Nature has now declared the species extinct, changing its status from Critically Endangered. Since the early 1960s its habitat has been degraded, with the stones that it lived under being removed from the island by the construction industry. Through education, research and conservation, we must all work hard together to make sure examples like this do not continue to happen.
“The most important environmental issue is one that is rarely mentioned, and that is the lack of a conservation ethic in our culture.”
- Gaylord Nelson
February 18, 2015 § Leave a comment
In the first month of 2015, we’ve stayed close to home. Despite freezing temperatures and snowy conditions, we visited a total of 13 schools across Edinburgh, Glasgow, North and South Lanarkshire, the Renfrewshires and Fife.
Our bus got its first real taste of snow during our Fife week at the beginning of the month when we visited Glenrothes and again in Glasgow in our last week. The snow got so bad at one point that a school had to reschedule their visit so the children didn’t miss out- see you in April Crawforddyke Primary! (Hopefully the snow will hold this time although in Scotland you never know!) While at Sunnyside Primary School in Glasgow, we took the opportunity to stop off at The SSE Hydro. This is another one of Clydesdale Bank’s sponsorship properties so it was only appropriate we took a photograph of the two projects side by side.
A special ‘Thank you’ to Lochrutton and Boghall Primary Schools who sent us some lovely letters showing the excellent work pupils have done following on from their session on the bus. See example work below in our ‘Top Tweets’. We’ve also started a new Twitter quiz on Fridays, where we ask you to identify a close-up of a native species. Keep an eye out for #fridayfocus @WildaboutScot.
Each month our ‘Wild about Scotland’ bus driver David gives you a wee insight into what it’s like to drive our double decker the length and breadth of Scotland.
Hail, rain, wind and snow have made January an interesting month of driving. Twice during our Fife week the Forth Road Bridge was closed to high-sided vehicles, meaning a 30 mile detour via Kincardine Bridge. On a number of occasions, snow has started halfway through the morning lessons, so when it came time to leave the playgrounds were whiteouts. But after some careful driving in snowy conditions, the school gates were successfully negotiated.
Whether due to visibility, rain-soaked spectacles or maybe the hope of the Wild about Scotland bus being their ticket home, I am increasingly being flagged down by prospective bus passengers! The large pictures of animals, lack of seats and a service number not being a clue, they are disappointed when I stop to inform them of their mistake.
As well as driving the bus, I have become responsible for taking many of the photos you see on Twitter and in local papers. So one big plus in January was an afternoon training from the Big Partnership on how to take a professional photograph suitable for use by the press. A very informative and interesting session. Thank you Laura and Neil.
Each month Brodie the bus mascot answers your questions about science and nature.
Q. Why are beavers’ teeth orange?
A. The hard orange enamel on the outside of beavers’ incisors is in contrast to the soft dentin on the inside of the teeth. Like all rodents, the incisors continue to grow throughout their lifetime. So when a beaver gnaws on wood or bark this softer inner layer wears away faster than the harder outer layer. This creates a chiselled finish, keeping our teeth nice and sharp!
Submit your questions for next month on Twitter @WildaboutScot using #Brodieknowsbest
Top teacher comments and tweets
“Great interactive activities that had the children engaged from beginning to end”, Kelty Primary School
“Really enjoyable and definitely worth a visit. Very informative and great staff. Will recommend”, Strathallan Primary School
“All the hands on activities, especially the dam building, really captured the imagination and attention of the children”, Crookfur Primary School
“Come more often!” Sunnyside Primary School
Next month- February
Next month, as well as visiting schools across Edinburgh, Dundee, Perth and Kinross, Angus, Glasgow and South Lanarkshire, we have some special events planned! On Wednesday 4th February, we will be open to the public at our local aquarium Deep Sea World in North Queensferry. Also, as part of Scottish Environment Week we will be welcoming MSPs on board at Holyrood on Thursday 19th February.
For more information about the Wild about Scotland project and to see when the bus is next in your area, visit our website at www.rzss.org.uk/wildaboutscotland, follow us on Twitter @WildaboutScot, or like our Facebook page.
February 6, 2015 § Leave a comment
Well February is here and with it lots of cold bright sunshine. Each year in February our colony of gentoo penguins at Edinburgh Zoo begin their breeding season. Funnily enough, and an amusing coincidence of nature, it is round about February 14th that nest rings and pebbles go into Penguins Rock. The birds will increasingly start to show behaviours associated with breeding – calling, sitting in the nests, selecting a mate, pebble giving (and some stealing!). It is also entertaining to watch and, as we often say, there is never a dull moment in Penguins Rock at this time of year.
Still on the subject of birds, Edinburgh Zoo recently added a very threatened species to our bird collection. The Baer’s pochard is a diving duck which is classified as Critically Endangered (CR) on the IUCN Red List. These birds can remain submerged for up to 40 seconds and dive a distance of two metres deep looking for food. They are a new species for Edinburgh Zoo and our bird keepers are pleased to have them in our collection. The birds are currently on display in our flamingo enclosure which is near to the entrance of the Zoo. Other feathered editions include three rainbow lorikeets that are currently off show.
At Highland Wildlife Park, we have just received approval from the Indian Central Zoo Authority to send them another two female satyr tragopans for their conservation programme in Darjeeling. One bird hatched in the Highlands in 2014 and another is from a World Pheasant Association member. A rare and endangered bird species, the programme is an attempt to kick-start a recovery plan for the species.
In 2013 nine tragopans, bred in captivity in the UK and donated by the World Pheasant Association’s conservation project, were sent to the foothills of the Himalayas. It was these birds that were provided special quarantine facilities at Highland Wildlife Park prior to their departure because very specialist skills and resources were required.
RZSS is also very proud to be arranging the reintroduction of European Bison again this year in two possible locations (Vanatori Neamt in Romania again and a new site in northern Spain which is at the south-western edge of the species’ historical range). This will be another great step taken to help re-establish these majestic animals after they became extinct in the wild in 1927. Last year we reintroduced a female European bison from Highland Wildlife Park to an established herd in Romania.
This week takes our WildGenes team to Thailand where swabs are being collected from elephants in the Anantara Golden Triangle Elephant Camp and Resort as part of a pilot project DNA registration system for Thailand’s captive elephants. While there our team will also provide training in the use of 40 new camera traps that are being funded by WWF USA, as well as DNA sample collection to help aid our project to survey and protect biodiversity in Burma.
Finally, RZSS’ veterinary team is hosting the natterjack sub-group this week to contribute to disease screening.
“For most of history, man has had to fight nature to survive; in this century he is beginning to realise that, in order to survive, he must protect it.” — Jacques-Yves Cousteau
January 30, 2015 § Leave a comment
Well welcome back to my blog as we start to move further into 2015; here at RZSS we are extremely excited about developments that lie ahead.
The new Edinburgh Zoo dinosaur exhibit will arrive in early April until the end of October and will see 14 life-size, animatronic models taking over the top of the hill. This is a great opportunity to engage children and adults alike with the key conservation messages of RZSS, whilst raising awareness of extinction and the threat it poses to many of the animals in our collection. Many of the departments across the Zoo are working hard to deliver this amazing experience for our visitors, from our gardens team who are choosing the fantastic flora and fauna to create the dinosaurs ‘habitat’, to our discovery and learning team who are developing educational materials to tie in with the exhibition.
Early 2015 will also see the arrival of a female polar bear at Highland Wildlife Park. Her large enclosure has been completed and is ready to house the new arrival. This will be a very significant move and will, we hope, help towards securing the future of this species, which is threatened by habitat destruction and global warming. If she settles quickly into her new home, introductions to one of the polar bear males may happen as early as April. It is still incredible to think that we may even have polar bear cubs as early as December at Highland Wildlife Park. The last polar bear cub born in the UK was 23 years ago.
Highland Wildlife Park also is likely to get a new male European grey wolf this year and a new female wolverine. The snow leopard enclosure that we announced towards at the end of last year is likely to be completed by early summer, with a male and female arriving from the European breeding programme before this date. In addition we have high hopes for a new pair of European beavers we established at the Park last year, with kits perhaps being born as early as May.
In terms of conservation science, WildGenes our RZSS genetics laboratory is carrying out trial runs on a new wildcat hybridisation test this week in preparation for testing wildcats at the Park as part of the captive breeding programme. Over in South East Asia, our team has met with the Malaysian Wildlife Department to discuss a workshop on illegal wildlife training. Also, our conservation genetics team and one of our veterinary surgeons met up in Hanoi, Vietnam, to visit a captive tiger sanctuary with the aim of tagging (eartags, transponder, stripe pattern and DNA) the tigers as a pilot project; this is with a view to tagging all captive tigers in Vietnam, and hopefully later Lao, to prevent them entering the illegal trade.
Finally, although much of Scotland might be under snow, our latest update from our Latin American researcher, Arnaud Desbiez, who is out in the Brazilian Pantanal undertaking field work, is that they are having a productive, but VERY HOT field expedition. Temperatures are at record highs and most of the time they do not have electricity – which makes things a little difficult!
Arnaud’s team recently caught up with a new female giant armadillo, as well as the two juvenile armadillos they are monitoring (Roberta and Alex). To read more about our work on armadillo species in the Pantanal, please do read this article on BBC Earth online http://www.bbc.com/earth/story/20141226-camera-traps-reveal-new-giant-armadillo-behaviour
I have to end on a sad note and express our sorrow to hear of the passing of Mrs Margaret Peggie at the end of last year. Mrs Peggie and her late husband were instrumental in helping RZSS to save Mercedes the polar bear from being shot in her native Canada and in bringing her all the way to her new home at Edinburgh Zoo. Longtime supporters and Patrons of RZSS, we are extremely grateful for all the Peggies have done over the many years and offer our condolences to her family and friends.
“A chain is no stronger than its weakest link, and life is after all a chain”
– William James
January 18, 2015 § Leave a comment
Whilst Edinburgh was battered with snow showers back in early December, the Wild about Scotland team were fighting against strong winds and hail (enough even for Brodie and Gillespie to build a ‘Hailman’). A storm had set in over Scotland, but fortunately we have heating on the bus so we were still cosy. December saw the team keep fairly close to home, just in case the winter weather took a turn for the worst.
We visited Perth & Kinross, West Lothian, East Dunbartonshire, all over Ayrshire and close by Edinburgh. In that time we visited 11 schools and even managed to squeeze in a photograph at a Clydesdale Bank branch in Irvine. So far we have visited 53 schools in 17 local authorities and taught 1,918 pupils!
Beaver and Scottish Wildcat lessons continued throughout the month and further developed the investigation and observation skills of the pupils coming aboard. A particular highlight for the pupils of St. Winnings Primary School in North Ayrshire was the workshop designed to get the pupils thinking about persecution of Scottish Wildcats. The station is set up as a crime scene and allows the pupils to look through evidence to work out which animal stole and ate chickens from a fictional farm in the Cairngorms. A teacher wrote ‘…all the pupils were actively engaged and loved the group tasks – particularly the crime scene task.’
Brodie Knows Best!
Beaver lodges are very different from dams. Dams are built to block flowing water and flood areas so the beavers can move around safely in water. Lodges on the other hand are used as a safe shelter and have at least two chambers, which include areas for feeding and sleeping.
From the Driver’s Seat….
When I was made aware of my successful application for the Wild about Scotland bus driver back in August I decided to do a little research into the origins of our double decker, as I am a huge bus enthusiast. I found out that the bus was bought new by Stagecoach in 1996 and ended its working life in 2014 at their Kilmarnock garage painted in designated school bus colours. To my delight we were to spend a week in the Kilmarnock area during December and were allowed to park the bus in the Stagecoach garage where our bus was based.
I have taken some photographs of our bus parked next to its sisters still in their school livery (note the registration numbers as they run in sequence) as 5 were bought and delivered to Stagecoach on the same day in 1996. Our bus is now having Kilmarnock pupils on board for lessons who could have travelled to school on it last year. All the local Stagecoach drivers acknowledged their old bus with a hearty wave every time we passed by.
Top Teacher Comments and Tweets
‘Hands on approach/interactive session engaged children.’ Abernethy Primary
‘Children were able to achieve success—Suitable for abilities of all children.’ Boghall Primary
‘The quality of the discussion was to a high standard’ St Winnings Primary
‘Pupils were using active learning strategies. They were engaged through investigation from start to finish.’ Shortlees Primary.
Next Month – January
First up for 2015 are Edinburgh, Fife, East Renfrewshire, West Lothian, Glasgow and South Lanarkshire so keep your eyes peeled for Brodie in a town near you!